Competition for 31 housing with public protection for leasing

Competition for 31 housing with public protection for leasing

  • location:Carabanchel, Madrid, Spain
  • client:Madrid's Community
  • program:Housing
  • surface:4472 m2
  • photography:Teleno Studio

The bioclimatic study carried out, integrates to the depths of the building, a cross ventilation solution that sanitizes the air and thus helps fight against the spread of diseases in the face of possible future epidemics. In addition, this vegetal island has the objective of encouraging the self-sufficiency of its inhabitants in moments of climatic instability or in periods of possible isolation, also generating a space for coexistence and socialization around nature, the central theme of the reflection From this project.

The building has a rainwater recovery system and its storage in sufficient quantities to create irrigation for the greenhouses, orchards and gardens on the plot.

The typology itself is thought of as a 9 m wide cross-sectional element that contains the kitchen and the living room and dining room. To this, a separate and protected space is added that contains the night spaces, also with double orientation, and variable according to the needs of the house. They also allow the day spaces to always be arranged towards the noisiest parts of the building, such as the vertical circulations, thus isolating the night areas, taking care of the rest and silence of the inhabitants. In addition, the typologies have greenhouses that function as small heat accumulators, restoring the hot air inside the houses.

The thermal inertia of the facades is thought of as a permeable and breathing skin. It allows to restore the heat accumulated during the day in winter and keep cool in summer. The structure of the building is made of CLT cross-laminated wood, which not only allows the building to withstand its own static but also to improve the conditions of wind forces and to resist light telluric movements. The glues are non-toxic, biodegradable and respectful of the environment. The use of wood as a structural material for this project, in addition to being a non-polluting material due to its close to zero gray energy, is a material that can be recycled and, at the end of its life cycle, can be degraded without compromising the carbon footprint.